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Jueves, 22 de Octubre de 2020

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Julio 2014 - Diciembre 2014 - Europa Adolescente, Derechos, Estándares, Infractores, Investigación, Justicia, Juvenil, Niño, Reintegración, Restaurativa, Víctimas

Restorative practices support a participative notion of justice, that favours reintegration over retribution and punishment. As such, by investing in the youths' bond to the community and in a process that stimulates assumption of responsibility, restorative practices may prove particularly appropriate to integrate the best interest of the child in the justice process.

Furthermore, this research, through its definite regional connotation, was designed to stress the common denominator of practices that vary considerably from one European country to the other. In particular, the traditional focus on a children´s rights perspective, that prevails in European and EU standards, and that includes both the rights of the offender and the victim.

The project, carried out by the IJJO's European Council for Juvenile Justice, provided for three main outputs, in the form of the following final publications:

Research and Selection of the Most Effective Juvenile Restorative Justice Practices in Europe: Snapshots from 28 EU Member States

The team of experts from Greisfwald University, composed of Professor Frieder Dunkel and Doctor Andrea Parosanu, were in charge of the analysis of existing restorative practices across the 28 EU Member States, reviewed in the 28 final national snapshots. The research investigated the various factors that contribute to the effectiveness of restorative justice, taking into account: the legal bases that, in each country, trigger the access and use to restorative practices; the organisational framework and the attribution of responsibilities that determine the delivery of restorative measures; the implementation of restorative justice in practice; and finally the evaluation of strengths and weaknesses of restorative measures.

Vol I: Research and Selection of the Most Effective Juvenile Restorative Justice Practices in Europe: Snapshots from 28 EU Member States

Protecting Rights, Restoring Respect and Strengthening Relationships: European Model for Restorative Justice with Children and Young People

The European Model, which analyses good restorative practices, and key features of effectiveness, is based on the research conducted by a team of experts in the field of restorative justice. The experts also investigated the use of restorative measures through three case studies: Belgium, Finland and Northern Ireland. Tim Chapman, Course Director of the Restorative Practices Masters at the University of Ulster, coordinated the overall project. Maija Sisko Gellin, Finnish Forum for Mediation, who has extensive experience of mediation with young people both in schools and the criminal justice system, supported the practice model, in particular through knowledge of the juvenile restorative justice system in Finland. Monique Anderson, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, also supported the practice model, calling on her experiences with the juvenile restorative justice system in Belgium.

Vol II: Protecting Rights, Restoring Respect and Strengthening Relationships: European Model for Restorative Justice with Children and Young People

Toolkit for Professionals: Implementing a European Model for Restorative Justice with Children and Young People

Finally, the Toolkit was realised under the direction of the same research team that produced the Model. This final publication was designed to allow for clear and efficient implementation of the principles and methods illustrated in the Model, and is devised for practitioners of restorative justice and justice professionals, in order to diffuse effective practices.

Vol III: Toolkit for Professionals: Implementing a European Model for Restorative Justice with Children and Young People

You can access the web section here.

Diciembre 2010 - Diciembre 2014 - Internacional Políticas públicas, Prevención, Violencia

EUROsociAL II programme is a technical cooperation initiative of the European Commission which its main objective is to contribute to increase social cohesion in Latin America. The programme aims at supporting national public policies in order to promote social cohesion levels and strengthen the institutions and organizations responsible for these policies. EUROsociAL II works on five themes that reflect the interests and priorities of the Latin American governments.

The IJJO and the European Forum for Urban Safety (EFUS) are part of the consortium as an operating partner in the fifth axis of 'Public security/rights and access to the justice' in the subject area of 'Public Safety'. This axis is led and coordinated by France Expertise International (FEI).

During June and July 2012, the IJJO carried out the missions for deepening knowledge to Latin American countries that expressed interest in the area of Public Safety of the program: Colombia, Ecuador, Salvador, Honduras, Uruguay and Mexico. The main aim of these missions was to bring together public actors responsible for the development and implementation of public security policies and specifically the prevention of violence. The main objectives of these missions were:
- To recognize and study all the public initiatives in the prevention of violence and youth violence and specifically with respect to the coordination of stakeholders involved in the prevention of violence and youth violence.
- To identify how EUROsociAL can strengthen and support governmental initiatives in the public safety and through what mechanisms and specific activities can benefit from the programme.

The IJJO is committed and actively involved in the phenomenon of juvenile delinquency in Latin America through activities and projects in the region. Similarly, the IJJO is very interested in providing coordinated and effective responses to decrease the levels of youth violence in Latin American countries, promoting the integral development of the children and young people of Latin American societies as well as promoting social inclusion. With respect to this, the  IJJO works on the creation of Latin American think tanks, development initiatives, implementation of norms and standards of good practice and works for education and integration of Latin American youth in social exclusion and in conflict with the law.

Mayo 2012 - Octubre 2013 - European Union Immigration, Rights

The situation faced by unaccompanied minors throughout Europe is a growing concern for a great number of NGOs working with and for children. In this precise case, the Net for U project aims at improving the integration of unaccompanied foreign minors. To this extent, the diverse partners involved in this project are determined to define an effective multidimensional intervention Program.

The latter relies on the achievement of several objectives, which are the following: the elaboration of a knowledge-based intervention model to improve helpful practices both of ongoing special assessment and of family tracing procedures; the development and fostering of appropriate opportunities of training and education, of social and leisure activities, and of an active participation in cultural life for the children concerned; the creation of a permanent transnational cooperation within professionals, stakeholders, social workers and all other figures who work and are dedicated to the rights and well-being of unaccompanied foreign minors.

These objectives will concretely take the form of several outputs such as a Toolkit detailing the special procedures linked to assessment and family tracing; an Intervention Manual to help professionals create individualized programmes for the concerned minors; and Guidelines, which will act as the founding document of a permanent network (NET FORUm) fostering a cooperative strategy between organisations and stakeholders working at a local, national and international level.

Octubre 2012 - Junio 2013 - Unión Europea Justicia, Juvenil, Medios de comunicación

CO.S.Mi is an eight-month project funded by the Italian Department of Juvenile Justice that explores the impact of prejudice and discrimination on foreign minors, especially in relation to stereotypes linking them with crime, followed by an assessment of how social communication techniques are and can be used to increase awareness and reduce the level of prejudice and discrimination directed towards foreign minors. The focus on this topic is in part a response to repeated calls by the European Union for Member States to adopt policies that support the integration of immigrants and in  part a recognition of the particularly difficult situation in which foreign minors find themselves. Evidence indicates that the current social context in many EU Member States tends to be increasingly intolerant of immigrants; within this context foreigners are frequently equated with crime and foreign minors may be particularly vulnerable to stereotypes, prejudice and various forms of discrimination both within the broader community and within the criminal and juvenile justice systems.

Social communication is seen as potentially powerful instrument for addressing and preventing prejudice and discrimination. This applies not only to altering media depictions of foreign minors (or foreigners in general) in relation to criminality, but also working on changing the attitudes, perceptions, and beliefs of individuals. At the same time, social communication can be applied within the juvenile justice system to prevent and reduce discriminatory behaviour and actions, whether individual or structural, to help guarantee equal treatment and the safeguarding of the best interests of the child for all minors that come into contact with the juvenile justice system.

Abril 2013 - Abril 2013 Colombia - América del Sur Adolescente, Buenas prácticas, Crimen, Delincuencia, Justicia, Juvenil, Prevención, Violencia

In the axis of Citizen Security of the Eurosocial II program led by French Expertise Internationale in Paris - FEI (coordinating partner) and the International Juvenile Justice Observatory in Brussels - OIJJ (Operating Partner), works in connection with the coordination of actors in Public Safety with special emphasis on youth violence prevention. One of the participant countries in this axis is Colombia, who has expressed a demand to the development of effective measures for the prevention of juvenile delinquency in the country. The national representative of the program for this action is the National Planning Department (DNP) and the national political leader is the Ministry of Justice and Law.

The aim of the program Eurosocial II is to assists technically and methodologically to the building of inputs needed for the design of a National Policy for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency in Colombia. This policy derives expressly from the Article No. 95 of Law No. 1453 of Public Safety. This new policy will help to strengthen inter-agency strategies to prevent youth crime in the country and to advance its reduction. Finally, new policy will be also complemented with other social policies and national and local plans that cater to the demands of the national youth population in Colombia

In this context it provides the realization of the International Forum, for which it has also had the important support of the Colombian Institute of Family Welfare - ICBF (national headquarters) and the German Agency for International Cooperation GIZ in Colombia. This scenario will join national efforts of a previous process of identifying good practices at the country level and will be socialized during the Forum. These best practices represent an important input for the construction of a National Policy for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency in Colombia. Both, the current political and institutional commitment in Colombia as its responsiveness, are still the most suitable for the design of a coherent and effective national policy that is linked to the experiences of national, regional, and international actors, and the evidence of efficacy in prevention of youth crime.

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