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Thursday 28th of May 2020

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Shifting away from incarceration: Fiscal Realignment Strategies to End the Mass Incarceration of Youth in the United States

Elizabeth E. Clarke
IJJO. V International Conference on juvenile justice. London 2012.


The United States is undergoing a profound transformation from mass incarceration of youth to community-based continuums of care. Since 2007, across the U.S., 18 states have closed more than 50 juvenile prisons. The state of California is considering closing all of its juvenile facilities. Change is being driven by multiple factors, including the falling juvenile arrest rate, fiscal constraints, lawsuits over inadequate conditions, advocacy to shift scarce resources to community services for low level offenders, and media reports of abuses. The challenge is to ensure some of the savings from juvenile prison downsizing shifts to community based programming, to keep down the number of youth headed to juvenile prison. The Juvenile Justice Initiative (JJI) promotes the reinvestment and realignment of resources in one state, Illinois.



National - United States

Year Language

2012 English

Category Type

Grey Literature Paper


Delinquency, Prevention


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