Login | Register

Tuesday 12th of November 2019

Documentation Center

Probation Supervision: Its Role in Managing Residential Placements And In Transitioning Serious Juvenile Offenders Into Local Communities. Juvenile Probation Aftercare

Troy L. Armstrong
IJJO. First International Conference on Juvenile Justice. Salamanca 2004.


Communication submitted in the First International Conference of Juvenile Justice "Juvenile Justice and the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency in a Globalized World". Salamanca 2004.

Historically, within juvenile justice systems across the United States, the attention and entailed activities of juvenile probation services have primarily been confined to several key points in the processing of troubled youth who have usually had initial contact with legal authorities at the point of police intervention. These points of ongoing responsibility and decision making for juvenile probation are court intake, the preliminary fact-finding hearing, judicial hearings for purposes of probation for supervision in the community, and to a much lesser extent, management of out-of-home placement of highly problematic youth, sometimes tied to subsequent post-release supervision.

At the point of initial court intake key decisions are made (involving varying degrees of probation staff participation) about a number of potential, ensuing procedures: possible case diversion away from formal processing, filing of formal petition to prosecute cases, and if formal filing is chosen, the decision whether to relase immediately to parents or to hold in custody at a short-term facility.

The next point of probation involvement in processing focuses upon a series of hearings increasingly dependent upon judicial and prosecutorial participation and addressing concerns of court adjudication (possible finding of guilt on part of youth) and disposition (determining what interventive steps to be taken by the juvenile justice system). The two primary options
available at disposition are placement on probation status or commitment to state authorities for purposes of confinement.

The third point in processing is the arena in which juvenile probation has traditionally exercised the greatest authority and has been the most active, namely, supervision of probation cases in the community. Much of the existing body of policy and practice that has come to define the role of juvenile probation as an integral part of the larger system is found in this area of community supervision. Numerous models and specific strategies for case supervision, as well as efforts to connect youth with relevant services and treatment modalities, all geared toward normalization and rehabilitative goals have been developed in the arena over the past 100 years in the United States.


National - United States

Year Language

2004 English

Category Type

Grey Literature Communication


Delinquency, Detention, Facilities, Justice, Juvenile


Pdf file

Download document

application/pdf iconPDF (English)Help

Search in Documentation Center


  • International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO). Belgian Public Utility Foundation

    All rights reserved

  • Head Office: Rue Mercelis, nº 50. 1050. Brussels. Belgium

    Phone: 00 32 262 988 90. Fax: 00 32 262 988 99. oijj@oijj.org

We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience

You can change the settings or get more information here.