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Tuesday 12th of November 2019

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Juvenile justice system in Nepal

Ashish Adhikari
IJJO. First International Conference on Juvenile Justice. Salamanca 2004.


Paper submitted in the First International Conference of Juvenile Justice "Juvenile Justice and the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency in a Globalized World". Salamanca 2004.

Nepalese legal system is largely developed in line of dogmas of Hindu Philosophy of Dharma (Religion). Hindu scriptures are the main source of the legal system which propounded and interpreted the moral and ethical rules as well as set up guidelines for behavior of human persons in relation to the society and interpersonal relations. Hindu Religion thus played roles of guiding principles of justice.
The Muluki Ain (code of laws of land), the first codified law in Nepal, was promulgated in 1884. It was greatly influenced by the Hindu value system.
Till 1950, the justice system was founded on inquisitorial notion. The legal system was changed to adversarial from 1950.


National - Nepal

Year Language

2004 English

Category Type

Grey Literature Paper


Delinquency, Justice, Juvenile, Penal, Systems


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  • International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO). Belgian Public Utility Foundation

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  • Head Office: Rue Mercelis, nº 50. 1050. Brussels. Belgium

    Phone: 00 32 262 988 90. Fax: 00 32 262 988 99. oijj@oijj.org

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