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Saturday 19th of October 2019

What we do

The International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO) constitutes a permanent international virtual space that serves as a point of encounter for the work and reflection of professionals, administrations and organizations involved in the field of juvenile justice. In different countries it enhances global, national and local analyses of the phenomenon, analysing the different ways in which young people come into conflict with the law, examining not only the aspects that these manifestations have in common, but also the way in which the causes of the phenomenon differ.

The organization of events, seminars, workshops, courses and the participation in international and European programmes allow the dissemination of relevant information, experience, works and materials that have been produced as a result of initiatives taken by the Observatory, or by individuals or bodies working independently of it.

IJJO Events and Programmes

December 2012

The Human Rights Day is arguably the most widely-celebrated event related to the promotion of human rights in the world. The date has been chosen more than 60 years ago to mark the historical adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on 10th December 1948. Having been drafted by representatives coming from all regions of the world, the UNDHR is rightly considered to be the most universal document known until now.

December 2012 Cyprus

In October 10th -12th, the ENOC organized its annual conference entitled “Juvenile Delinquency – Child Friendly Justice, Structures and Processes for Prevention and Intervention” in Nicosia - Cyprus, dealing with current issues within juvenile justice.

The European Network of Ombudspersons for Children (ENOC) is a not-for-profit association of independent children’s rights institutions (ICRIs). Its mandate is to facilitate the promotion and protection of the rights of children, as formulated in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. By 2012 it had grown to include 41 institutions in 32 countries within the Council of Europe, 22 of which EU countries.

Hosted by the Commissioner for Children's Rights of Cyprus, Ms. Leda Koursoumba, the actual ENOC chairwoman, the ENOC 16th Annual Conference was dedicated to the subject of juvenile justice. This theme also falls within the framework of the European Union and Council of Europe strategies for Children’s Rights, as well as within the current EU presidency priorities. In this context, Ms. Nevena Vuckovic Sahovic, former Member of the Committee on the Rights of the Child, submitted to the ENOC the Study report she has drafted on National Human Rights Institutions and child/juvenile delinquency. The results of this report provides the ENOC with an opportunity to assess how the network can strengthen its efforts in advocating further implementation of international and national standards in the area of child rights and rights of Children and juvenile delinquency. Ms. Vuckovic has a long experience in Juvenile justice and has represented the CRC during the Second IJJO International Conference which took place in Brussels in 2006.

The IJJO, represented by Cédric Foussard, Director of International Affairs, took the opportunity to share elements of good practices on juvenile justice as well as evaluation models in a plenary sessions dedicated to international and European mechanisms, where took part representatives of The Council of Europe, the European Union and the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA).

Finally, as results of the 16th annual conference, the ENOC produced a joint statement which was presented during the 3rd Meeting of the European Council for Juvenile Justice in London, by Ms. Koursoumba. In this statement, the ENOC urges European states to review their laws, policies and practices on prevention and intervention regarding children at risk and in conflict with the law and to comply with international treaties and adopted standards.

December 2012

As a member of the FRA´s Fundamental Rights Platform, the IJJO had the chance to take part at the Conference of the Agency organized under the auspices of the President of the European Parliament, Mr. Jerzy Buzek, during 6th-7th December in Brussels.

November 2012 United Kingdom Child, Criminal, Justice, Social

With a wide international appeal, representatives of United Nations and EU Institutions, national, regional and local authorities, universities, NGOs, and other experts coming from more than 50 countries participated in the Fifth IJJO International Conference which took place in London on the 6th and 7th November, under the title “Criminality or social exclusion? Justice for Children in a Divided World”.

This edition of the IJJO International Conference took as central themes the impact of economic global crises on youth justice and youth social, and, related to it, the youth violence and inequality in an urban context as well as the prevention and diversion of children and young people from offending. Moreover, the core of the debate focused on the need to look beyond traditional and individualized approaches working with people in trouble and focus instead upon work with the groups and communities in which they live.

The conference paid particular attention on a number of issues dealing with policy development for socially excluded children and young people in trouble, diversion and inclusion strategies, economic interventions, cost avoidance and value for money services as well as with community-based and multi-agency interventions. In this context, three principal themes were developed during these two days: “A world in crisis: consequences on youth social exclusion and offending”, which was discussed the first day and “Inequality and Youth Violence in group: an urban challenge” and “Young People, Criminality and Solidarity: The Implications for Change” discussed the second day. In the welcome speech, the chairman of the International Juvenile Justice Observatory, Dr. Francisco Legaz mentioned that according to UNODC report there is an increased risk of criminal behavior caused by economic stress and in this context he emphasized that “It is necessary to send a message to the society that the lack of money does not have to result in a lack of inspiration and purpose in life of an entire generation of young people, demonstrating their ability and desire to change the course of history and face challenges, either on public squares or via cyberspace.”

Furthermore, during opening ceremony Prof. Dr. Jaap E. Doek, Former President UN Committee on Rights of the Child (Netherlands) and Mr. John Drew, Chief Executive, Youth Justice Board for England and Wales (United Kingdom) draw the attention to the need of preserving social care for children in conflict with the law from the public funding cuts. During the two-day conference, more than 350 assistants and 70 speakers from around the world discussed the issues related to prevention of the exclusion of children and the development of a child friendly juvenile justice. There were a great number of representatives from the Ministries of Justice, such as for instance, from Chile (SENAME), France, Italy, Turkey, Thailand and the US, as well as from international NGO’s, such as the President of Campaign for Youth Justice, Ms. Elizabeth P. Ryan, and from DCI, the IPJJ, etc. Representatives from international organizations (Committee on the Rights of the Child, UN Secretary-General on Violence against Children, Council of Europe) also took part in this international event.

Particularly interesting was the presentation of Prof. Dr. John M. Hagedorn, who is Professor of Criminology, Law & Justice, University of Illinois-Chicago, United States and who was one of the most important experts on youth gangs, participating in the Conference. The IJJO has also the pleasure to count on the participation of personalities who have made important contribution to the protection of children’s rights in different part of the world – among others, Mrs. Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, Former Deputy Secretary General of the Council of Europe (France) who talked about “Violence in Europe: are our children the scapegoats or the heroes of the 21st century?”; Mr David Mugawe, Director of the African Child Policy Forum, who provided the audience with an excellent overview of the situation of youth in Africa, Mr. Han Kyun Kim, the representative of South Korea and associate Professor of the Korean Institute of Criminology KIC, who made an interesting presentation on the "Reform of Juvenile Justice in Korea - Protective Dispositions for Juvenile Offenders", and Prof. Sir Albert Aynsley Green, former Commissioner for England from United Kingdom, who spoke during the closing ceremony. An excellent presentation on the issue of youth Justice and cost-avoidance was given by Prof. Dr. Shay Bilchik, Director of the Center for Juvenile Justice Reform at Georgetown University's Public Policy Institute, United State.

The 5th IJJO International conference had an important and extensive Scientific Committee with both Prof. John Pitts from the University Bedfordshire (UK) and Prof. Dr. Frieder Dünkel, Head Department of Criminology at the University Greifswald, Germany, as chairmen of this Committee. Finally, an excellent work of compiling information and drafting the conclusions of the Conference was made by Prof. Dr. Frieder Dünkel. It is also important to mention that within the framework of the Fifth IJJO International Conference, the Observatory awarded the Second Edition of the IJJO International Award ‘Juvenile Justice without Borders’.

The Honorific Award was given to Mr. Georges Loinger, a French Second World War survivor. Through this award the IJJO recognises the work of those institutions and personalities that have contributed to the outstanding progress and achievements in the field of the protection of children’s rights, as well as in the area of research and direct intervention with children and youth in conflict with the law.

November 2012 United Kingdom Child, Criminal, Justice, Social

 Within the framework of the Fifth IJJO International Conference “Criminality or Social Exclusion? Justice for Children in a Divided World” (London, 6-7 November), the Observatory will award the Second Edition of the IJJO ‘Juvenile Justice without Borders International Award’.
The main objective of the ‘Juvenile Justice without Borders’ International Award is to recognize, on a world-wide scale, professionals and institutions that show a steady commitment on juvenile justice and children's rights in the field of law, models of intervention and research in respect with the international standards.

By recognizing the achievement of professionals and institutions in the field of juvenile justice, the IJJO International Award promotes the dissemination of knowledge and policies which improve the situation and intervention with children and young people at risk of exclusion. The ‘Juvenile Justice without Borders’ International Award also contributes to highlight good practices among stakeholders and to arise public awareness in juvenile justice.

The ceremony award will take place on the 6th of November 2012 in London at the Park Plaza Riverbank Hotel. Please browse the following link for more information of the 2012 Awardees the Juvenile Justice without Borders International Award: 2012 Awardees

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  • International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO). Belgian Public Utility Foundation

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  • Head Office: Rue Mercelis, nº 50. 1050. Brussels. Belgium

    Phone: 00 32 262 988 90. Fax: 00 32 262 988 99. oijj@oijj.org

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